The New Wave Of Darfur Crisis

Darfur is a region in the western part of Sudan. Historically in this territory for several centuries there was an independent sultanate, which became the part of Sudan as a result of the conquest by Anglo-Egyptian forces in 1916. Having become the part of the Sudan, this region was divided into three federal states: West Darfur, South Darfur and North Darfur, which are regulated by the Transitional Government of Darfur. Since 2003 Darfur is an area of inter-ethnic Darfur conflict that has become an armed confrontation between the central government and informal pro-government Arab armed detachments "Dzhandzhavid» on one side and the rebel factions of the local Negroid population on the other.

Relations between Arabs and Africans in the Sudan have been conflict for a long period of time, if not to say always. Now, to sucha traditional motif of discord as the requirement of independence, the controversy of dividing the natural values (such as oil the Sudan is rich by) has been added. In 1983 the civil war erupted in Sudan between the Islamic north (the population is predominantly Arab) and the Christian South (which is mainly populated by people of non-Arab origin). Southerners were supported by Ethiopia and Uganda. The conflict lasted until 2005 and took on both sides about 2 million lives. The tension between two parts of the country still remains.

In addition, in 2003 in western Sudan, in the Darfur, the conflict between the Negro and the Arab population flared. The Arab population received the support from the Sudanese government. During the hostilities in the region over 300 thousand people have been killed (most of them are civilians), 2.7 million people became refugees. In the end of 2010 the Government of Sudan and the representatives of illegal armed groups in Darfur started the negotiations in Qatar on resolving the conflict, but they were interrupted in December 2010 and the hostilities resumed with a renewed vigor.

UN International Criminal Court in the summer of 2010 issued a warrant for the arrest of Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir on charges of involvement in war crimes in Darfur. On January 22, 2011 in the Darfur region the fighting between the government forces and militants was noticed. It started when the warriors of illegal armed groups attacked the Sudanese government army armored personnel carrier, and then a protracted battle began. At least 21 people were killed, 13 of which are the warriors of local extremist groups. As noted by the representatives of the Sudanese armed forces, they faced anti-government militants of the Movement for Justice and Equalitythat attacked an armored personnel carrier.

Contrary to the optimistic estimates of Abdelhalima and some other members of the UN mission in Sudan, the Secretary General Ban Ki-moon believes that the ongoing process of settlement in Darfur "has reached a critical moment". Despite the efforts of mediators, a number of rebel movements have not shown willingness to join and participate in peace talks. In its turn, the Sudanese government, although declared its readiness to participate in the political process, continued military operations against insurgents.